May 29, 2013

No. CPIE/018/13

Summary of Bisphenol A (BPA) Regulation (2nd Edition)

 

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical usually found in polycarbonate plastics, including baby bottles, pacifiers and teething products designed for use by young children. Studies revealed that BPA is a synthetic estrogen that disrupts healthy human development and has been linked to a variety of diseases, such as disorders of the brain and reproductive dysfunction. BPA has been shown to pose a significant risk to infants and young children, because younger developing kidney tends to retain the toxin for a long period of time.

 

In US, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has banned the use of BPA-based Polycarbonate (PC) resins in infant feeding bottles (baby bottles) and spill-proof cups (sippy cups). A number of states in US also issued their own law to ban BPA.

 

Summary of BPA restrictions in US:
JurisdictionBill / RegulationScopeLimitEffective Date
FDA 21 CFR 177.1580 Infant feeding bottles (baby bottles) and spill-proof cups including their closures and lids, designed to help train babies and toddlers to drink from cups (sippy cups) Prohibited (BPA-based PC resins) July 12, 2012
Arizona H.B. 2620 Plastic container, jar or can for baby food or infant formula; Child container, baby bottle or spill proof cup intended for use by children under 5 years old Prohibited January 1, 2014
California AB 1319 Baby bottles and sippy cups for children under 3 years old 0.1 ppb July 1, 2013
City of Chicago (Illinois) Section 7-28-637 Chapter 7-28, Municipal Code of Chicago Containers - Empty bottle or cup to be filled with food or liquid for children under 3 years old Prohibited January 31, 2010
Connecticut H.B. 6572 Children's products for children under 3, reusable food containers or jars or cans containing food or beverage products Prohibited October 1, 2011
Delaware Senate Bill 70 w/SA 1 Empty bottle or cup capable of being filled with food or beverage for children under 4 years old Prohibited January 1, 2012
Illinois SB 2950 Children’s food or beverage container (Empty bottle or cup to be filled with food or liquid that is designed or intended by a manufacturer to be used by a child) Prohibited January 1, 2013 (for manufacturer or wholesaler)
Maine Chapter 882 Reusable food or beverage container Prohibited January 1, 2012
Massachusetts 105 CMR 650.000 Children’s reusable food or beverage containers Prohibited January 7, 2011
Minnesota Chapter 40, SF No. 247 Empty bottle or cup to be filled with food or liquid for children under 3 years old Prohibited January 1, 2010
New York Bisphenol-A Free Children and Babies Act (A 6919, Session 2009-2010) Pacifiers and unfilled beverage containers for children under 3 years old for the consumption of liquids including pacifiers, baby bottles, baby bottles liners and cups, cup lids, straws and sippy cups Prohibited December 1, 2010
Virginia SB 1449 Childcare article for children under 3 Prohibited January 1, 2012
Washington SB 1449 Childcare article for children under 3 Prohibited January 1, 2012
Virginia Chapter 140, Laws of 2010 (SB 6248, Relating to the use of bisphenol A) Food and beverage containers for children up to 3 years old Prohibited (Exemption: metal can) July 1, 2011
Sports bottles Prohibited July 2012
Wisconsin SB 271 Children’s containers (baby bottles or spill-proof cups) for children up to 3 years Prohibited June 15, 2010

 

In Canada, BPA was added to Canada’s toxic substances in October 2010.

 

JurisdictionBill / RegulationScopeLimitEffective Date
Canada Order Amending Schedule I to the Hazardous Products Act (bisphenol A) Polycarbonate baby bottles Prohibited March 31, 2010

 

In European Union, the migration of BPA is regulated by plastic food contact materials and articles under Regulation (EU) 10/2011 and is prohibited specifically in polycarbonate infant feeding bottles under Regulation (EU) 321/2011.

 

BPA content is further regulated in more categories exceeding EU requirement for Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France and Sweden.

 

JurisdictionBill / RegulationScopeLimitEffective Date
EU EU no. 10/2011 Plastic food contact materials 0.6 mg/kg (specific migration) May 1, 2011
EU no. 321/2011 Infant feeding bottles Prohibited
Austria Austrian Food Safety and Consumer Protection Act, LMSVG (327th Regulation of the Ministry of Health, October 2011) Pacifiers and Teethers Prohibited January 1, 2012
Belgium Document Legislatif no.5-338/8 Food contact materials and articles for children under 3 years old Prohibited January 1, 2013
Denmark Danish Veterinary and Food Administration Feeding bottles, feeding cups and materials in contact with food for children up to 3 years Prohibited July 1, 2010
France Act 2010-729 Baby bottles Prohibited June 30, 2010
Food contact materials and articles for children under 3 years January 1, 2013
Act 2012-1442 Other food contact materials and articles January 1, 2015
Sweden SFS 2012:991 Paints and coatings in packaging for food products which are specifically intended for children under 3 years Prohibited July 1, 2013

 

In South America, the Republic of Argentina bans BPA in baby bottles effective on April 3, 2012. Ecuador and Brazil also banned BPA in similar scopes.

 

Summary of BPA restrictions in South America:

JurisdictionBill / RegulationScopeLimitEffective Date
Argentina Regulation 1207/2012 Baby bottles Prohibited April 3, 2012
Brazil Resolution No. 41 of Sept 16, 2011 Baby and infant feeding bottles Prohibited January 1, 2012
Ecuador Resolution 29 of October 31, 2011 Bottles Prohibited October 2011

 

Source:

- Maryland: http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/2013RS/Chapters_noln/CH_349_hb0099t.pdf

FDA: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-07-17/pdf/2012-17366.pdf

Arizona: http://www.azleg.gov/legtext/50leg/2r/bills/hb2620p.htm

California:http://asmdc.org/members/a53/attachments/AB_1319_Fact_Sheet_Final.pdf

Connecticut:http://www.cga.ct.gov/asp/cgabillstatus/cgabillstatus.asp?selBillType=Bill&bill_num=6572&which_year=2009

Delaware: http://www.legis.delaware.gov/LIS/LIS146.NSF/vwLegislation/SB+70?Opendocument

Hawaii: http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/session2012/Bills/HB1934_.HTM

Illinois: http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/publicacts/fulltext.asp?Name=097-1101

Maine: http://www.mainelegislature.org/ros/LOM/LOM123rd/123S1/PUBLIC643.asp

Maryland: http://legiscan.com/MD/text/SB151/2011
http://legiscan.com/MD/text/HB33/2010

Massachusetts: http://www.lawlib.state.ma.us/source/mass/cmr/cmrtext/105CMR650.pdf

Minnesota : https://www.revisor.mn.gov/laws/?id=40&year=2009&type=0

NewYork:http://www.assembly.state.ny.us/leg/?default_fld=&bn=A06919%09%09&Summary=Y&Actions=Y&Votes=Y&Memo=Y&Text=Y

Vermont: http://www.leg.state.vt.us/docs/2010/Acts/ACT112.pdf

Virginia: http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?111+ful+SB1449+pdf

Washington: http://apps.leg.wa.gov/documents/billdocs/2009-10/Pdf/Bills/Session%20Law%202010/6248-S.SL.pdf

WestVirginia:http://www.legis.state.wv.us/Bill_Status/bills_text.cfm?billdoc=HB3261%20intr.htm&yr=2012&sesstype=RS&i=3261

Wisconsin: http://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/2009/related/acts/145

Canada: http://canadagazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p2/2010/2010-03-31/html/sor-dors53-eng.html

Austria: http://www.ris.bka.gv.at/Dokumente/BgblAuth/BGBLA_2011_II_327/BGBLA_2011_II_327.html

Belgium: http://www.senate.be/www/?MIval=/index_senate&MENUID=21315&LANG=fr

Denmark: http://www.fvm.dk/Default.aspx?ID=18488&PID=169747&NewsID=6014

European Union: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2011:087:0001:0002:EN:PDF

France:http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do;jsessionid=?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000022414734&dateTexte=&oldAction=rechJO&categorieLien=id

http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichCode.do;jsessionid=339FF4375E7D8A324E8D32C1B14E452E.tpdjo13v_3?cidTexte=LEGITEXT000006072665&idSectionTA=LEGISCTA000026831618&dateTexte=20130527&categorieLien=id#LEGISCTA000026831618

Sweden: http://www.lagboken.se/files/SFS/2012/120991.PDF

Argentina: http://www.anmat.gov.ar/boletin_anmat/BO/Disposicion_1207-2012.pdf

Brazil: http://portal.anvisa.gov.br/wps/portal/anvisa/anvisa/home/alimentos/!ut/p/c5/rZHLjqpAGISfCPungQaWCM39ItiAsCEojgLDaERBefrjyVnPnM1ULb9UKqlCJXr7q57aU31vL1_1J9qhklS6pdmi7AMAWevgWFJIpDgCy4U3L77lEOG_aS-2HQsAqxFTDHBEltiqp0cmz6Mc7UCstt3r6iz9knTw9MNexIGfzoFP52ApeEb

Ecuador: http://comercioexterior.com.ec/qs/sites/default/files/Resolucion_No29_0.pdf